Great Cavern of Santo Tomás
In 1954, Dr. Antonio Nuñez Jiménez led the first expedition to this site, near the tourist area of Viñales, in the Sierra del Rosario.
Back then, no one could imagine that these caverns would be admired later on as the most important in Cuba, not only due to their magnitude of 45 kilometres, but also because of the scientific wealth they treasure.
Later on several historic events took place, because in 1959 Fidel Castro founded the first troops of military farmers, known as Los Malagones. The cooperative movement became a reality with the Moncada farm and in 1984 the National School of Speleology (Escuela Nacional de Espeleología) was founded by initiative of General Raúl Castro Ruz, Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias).
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